All eye examinations are considered medical and are performed by a medically trained and licensed Optometrist.
Routine vs. Medical Eye Exams
Office visits to an eye care professional are usually categorized as either “routine” or “medical”. This terminology has nothing to do with the steps it takes to perform a comprehensive eye exam or the type of doctor who performs the exam. A comprehensive “routine” vision exam often contains the same elements as a comprehensive “medical” eye exam, and seeing an ophthalmologist (MD) doesn’t make the exam medical in nature.
The type of eye exam you have is determined by the reason for your visit or your chief complaint, as well as your diagnosis. Routine vision exams usually produce final diagnoses such as nearsightedness or astigmatism, while medical eye exams produce diagnoses such as “conjunctivitis.”
All eye exams include the following:
case history, consisting of ocular, physical, occupational, and other pertinent information
the results of a biomicroscopy examination, including an examination of lids, cornea, and sclera;
the results of an internal ophthalmoscopic examination, including an examination of media and fundus
the results of a static retinoscopy, O.D., O.S., or autorefractor
subjective findings, far point and near the point
assessment of binocular function
amplitude or range of accommodation
the angle of vision, to right and to left